Over many years there has been thousands of patents for magnetic treatment of water. There have also been many scientists and non-scientists looking at ways to produce a softening effect in water. We believe that there is truth in the use of magnets for control of scale as well as other benefits.
Water with Calcium carbonate has been designated as hard water by water chemists. There is no definition of soft water but presumably soft water comes from treated hard water. The normal treatment of hard water is by producing an action in the calcium Carbonate ions by using salt and electricity. This is proving to be problematic from the fact that it is costly to purchase and operate and it leaves a sludge behind in pipes & in sewerage treatment plants. In fact, some Councils in very hard water areas are looking to ban the use of this treatment.
Another treatment uses aluminium to treat the water and is problematic in that aluminium should never be combined with water that is being used domestically.
KP Water personnel have studied the reasons why Magnetic treatment works to soften water in the sense that the effects of Calcium Carbonate are severely reduced to a point where the reticulation into a residence is enhanced by good soft feeling water.
A study done by a scientist in Europe found the most logical reasons that explain the workings of the magnetic force on the water. If the magnets are positioned on the input pipe into a house correctly then the effect of the magnetic force will change the constitution of the Calcium Carbonate from Calcite to Aragonite. The effect of this change is major because Aragonite is unstable in comparison with Calcite which is stable. Once this change has been affected in the water then there is less binding to the surface of the pipes or to any household appliances. The reasoning behind this statement is that the newly deposited aragonite layer insulates the old calcite, reducing its temperature and supersaturation. Calcite crystal growth slows, and accumulates defects as the calcite crystals try to accommodate the new aragonite layer. The smaller and more defective a crystal is, the more soluble it is. The calcite crystals dissolve, and recrystallise as aragonite.
In the case of older homes getting a magnetic device installed we have found that it has taken up to three months to become completely effective. We wondered why? The reason that has now become obvious from reading the scientific research literature in the paragraph above.In 1998, the Department of Energy of the US Government, issued a 32 page Federal Technology Alert discussing the use of magnetic fields for controlling the hardness of water and the deposition of minerals in pipes and heaters. The purpose of this report was "to speed the adoption of energy-efficient and renewable technologies in the Federal Sector". This means that the Department of Energy had researched this information, determined that it was accurate, and was encouraging other government departments to adopt the use of these technologies to save the government money! This publication was titled Non-Chemical Technologies for Scale and Hardness Control.